¿Qué es el Brexit?

Seguro que has oído la palabra Brexit alguna vez pero, ¿todavía no estás seguro de qué es? Lee este artículo de la BBC y descúbrelo.

Tipo de texto: artículo (adaptado)

Nivel: Upper-Intermediate / Advanced

Fuente: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-46318565

Brexit: Your simple guide to the UK leaving the EU

Feeling a little lost on Brexit? Never really got your head around it in the first place? Let us walk you through it.

What is Brexit?

Brexit is short for «British exit» – and is the word people use to talk about the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union (EU).

What is the EU?         

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 countries which trade with each other and allow citizens to move easily between the countries to live and work.

The UK joined the EU, then known as the EEC (European Economic Community), in 1973.

Why is the UK leaving?

A public vote – called a referendum- was held on Thursday 23 June 2016 when voters were asked just one question – whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union.

The Leave side won by nearly 52% to 48% – 17.4m votes to 16.1m – but the exit didn’t happen straight away.

It was due to take place on 29 March 2019 – but the departure date has been delayed.

What has happened so far?

The 2016 vote was just the start. Since then, negotiations have been taking place between the UK and the other EU countries.

The discussions have been mainly over the «divorce» deal, which sets out exactly how the UK leaves – not what will happen afterwards. This deal is known as the Withdrawal Agreement.

What does the withdrawal agreement say?

The withdrawal agreement covers some of these key points:

  • How much money the UK will have to pay the EU in order to break the partnership – that’s about £39bn
  • What will happen to UK citizens living elsewhere in the EU, and equally, what will happen to EU citizens living in the UK
  • How to avoid the return of a physical border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland when it becomes the frontier between the UK and the EU

A length of time, called the transition period, has been agreed to allow the UK and EU to agree a trade deal and to give businesses the time to adjust. That means that if the withdrawal agreement gets the green light, there will be no huge changes between the date of Brexit and 31 December 2020.

Another, much shorter, document has also been drawn up that gives an overview of what the UK and EU’s future relationship will be in the longer term. This is the political declaration. However, neither side has to stick exactly to what it says – it is a set of ambitions for future talks.

The deal was agreed by the UK and the EU in November 2018, but it also has to be approved by British MPs.

Have MPs backed the Withdrawal Agreement?

Well, no. They have voted against it three times. On 15 January they rejected the deal by 432 votes to 202 – a record defeat. Then on 12 March, after Theresa May had gone back to the EU to secure further legal assurances, they rejected it again.

And on 29 March – the original day that the UK was due to leave the EU –MPs rejected it for a third time (this vote was slightly different as it did not include the political declaration).

Is that why the UK didn’t leave on 29 March as planned?

Yes. As MPs did not approve Theresa May’s withdrawal deal, the prime minister was forced to ask other EU leaders to delay Brexit.

The new deadline is 31 October. However, the UK can leave before then if the prime minister can somehow get her deal approved by Parliament.

Why do people oppose the deal?

There are a broad range of complaints, many of which claim the deal fails to give back to the UK control of its own affairs from the EU.

One of the biggest sticking points has been over what happens at the Irish border.

Both the EU and UK want to avoid the return of guard posts and checks, so something called the backstop- a sort of safety net – was included in the deal.

What is the backstop?

The backstop is meant to be a last resort to keep an open border on the island of Ireland – whatever happens in the Brexit negotiations.

It would mean that Northern Ireland, but not the rest of the UK, would still follow some EU rules on things such as food products.

Could Brexit actually not happen at all?

It is still written into law that the UK will be leaving, even though the deadline has shifted.

The European Court of Justice has said the UK could cancel Brexit altogether without the agreement of other nations, but politically, that’s not likely to happen.

What happens if the UK leaves without a deal?

«No deal» means the UK would have failed to agree a withdrawal agreement.

That would mean there would be no transition period after the UK leaves, and EU laws would stop applying to the UK immediately.

Cómo aprobar el First Certificate – Listening Part 2

En el artículo de hoy os traemos unos consejos para superar la segunda parte del examen del First Certificate, Listening.

Datos útiles sobre esta parte del examen                  

  • En la parte 2 del examen First Certificate—Listening escucharás una presentación o discurso, en el que una persona hablará sobre su trabajo, hobby u otra actividad en la que participa.
  • En la hoja para esta parte, habrá 10 frases con 10 espacios (numeradas de 9 a 18). Cada espacio corresponde a una palabra o serie de palabras que tendrás que escuchar para completar cada una de las frases. Nunca serán más de tres palabras en cada espacio. En la mayoría de los casos, la respuesta será de una sola palabra.
  • No se penalizan pequeños errores de ortografía. Eso sí, cuando el examinador lee la palabra que has escrito, debe entender claramente la palabra, a pesar del pequeño error ortográfico.
  • Esta parte del examen pone a prueba tu capacidad de escuchar, entender y localizar datos concretos en una presentación grabada que durará unos 4 minutos.
  • Cada respuesta vale un punto, con una máxima puntuación para esta parte del examen de 10 puntos.

Consejos útiles para aprobar el examen

  1. Primero, tendrás unos 45 segundos para analizar las frases en la hoja, antes de que comience la presentación grabada. Aprovecha esos segundos para familiarizarte con las frases y los espacios.
  2. Procura averiguar qué tipo de palabra va en cada espacio. ¿Es un sustantivo, adjetivo, verbo, número, o una fecha?
  3. Si crees que la palabra en el espacio corresponde a un sustantivo, pregúntate: ¿Qué tipo de sustantivo? ¿Se trata de una persona, un oficio, un lugar, un objeto, una comida, etc.? Anota tus ideas con lápiz por encima del espacio.
  4. Si crees que la palabra en el espacio corresponde a un verbo o a un adjetivo, pregúntate: ¿Qué clase de acción es? ¿Se trata un una cualidad o emoción positiva o negativa? De nuevo, anota tus ideas con lápiz por encima del espacio.
  5. Repite este análisis con todos los espacios, hasta donde te permiten esos 45 segundos.
  6. Cuando empiece la presentación grabada, ve paso a paso, empezando con el primer espacio. Las frases están en orden. Es decir, la persona dirá la(s) palabra(s) que buscas en el orden que aparecen las frases escritas. No hay que modificar la(s) palabra(s) de ninguna manera. Simplemente escribe lo que la persona ha dicho.
  7. A veces, la persona dará información adicional que podría despistarte. Por ejemplo, si sabes que en el espacio hay que anotar un número, es muy probable que la persona diga tres números distintos durante su presentación. Es sumamente importante, por tanto, que no anotes el primer número que escuches. Espera hasta que haya acabado, y anota solo el número que encaja con la información que viene antes y después del espacio.


Escucharás la presentación grabada dos veces. Aprovecha el primer turno para ir anotando tus ideas en lápiz. La segunda vez que escuches la presentación servirá para asegurarte de que tus respuestas sean las correctas.

Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte del examen.

The Grass is Singing

By Alicia Martínez (English and German Teacher at AIT)

En el artículo de esta semana os traemos una recomendación literaria que no os podéis perder: «The Grass is Singing» de Doris Lessing.

Reading an interesting book has always been a pleasure for bookworms.

On one hand it is a way to see the world through the eyes of another person, to live in another reality just for the moment you want or to be another person for some time.

Reading can be done anywhere and it prevents boredom and promotes relaxation.

On the other hand, it encompasses a wide range of genres and includes both fiction and non-fiction.

  • Fiction: Novels, short stories, jokes, comics, poetry, lyrics, plays and scripts
  • Non-fiction: Reference books, newsletters, letters, emails, biographies, memoirs, newspapers, magazines, websites

Today I would like to talk about a novel called “The grass is singing”. This novel was written by British Nobel Prize-winning author Doris Lessing. It was her first novel, published in 1950.

The novel begins with a newspaper clipping about the death of Mary Turner, a white woman, killed off by her black servant Moses for money. The news actually acts like an omen for other white people living in that African setting. After looking at the article, people behave as if the murder was very much expected. The bulk of the novel is a flashback of Mary Turner’s life up to her murder at the hand of Moses in the last chapter.

When you usually read a murder mystery novel you expect to know the name of the murder at the very end after going through the whole novel. But not in this novel as you know it from the very beginning and the author leads you through the protagonist´s miserable life on her husband´s unsuccessful farm.

If you prefer watching the film click on the following link and enjoy it: https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3dohon

Once you start one cannot stop reading!

6 ways to improve your health (part I)

By H. Adjei, English and French teacher at AIT Language School

Hoy os traemos unos consejos muy útiles para mejorar tu salud. ¡Seguro que si los sigues, notas la diferencia!

*Disclaimer: I’m neither a doctor nor a health-care professional. This article was written by me as a result for research on reliable sources that I’ll link down below.

In this article I’m going to talk about six ways to improve your health. So, if you’re interested in improving you overall health, here are some ways to do it:

  • If you care for your brain, sleep for 8 hours. It has been shown that having a good rest contributes to your productivity during the day, helps you to have loads of energy, improves your concentration level and even helps boost your metabolism to burn fat if you’re trying to lose weight.
  • If you care for your blood circulation, massage your feet with oil before going to bed. Apart from improving circulation, stimulating muscles it also helps to reduce tension and ease pain off your feet.
  • If you care for your stomach, avoid cold food. Cold should be avoided because it reduces stimulation of gastric fluids. Eating cold foods may result in contraction and poor blood circulation in the digestive system, leading to indigestion.
  • If you care for your liver, avoid excessive fatty food. Eating excess fat creates a build up in the liver. When the liver does not process and break 
    down fats, as it normally should, people tend to develop fatty liver and other conditions such as obesity or diabetes. 
  • If you care for you intestines, replace junk food for vegetables.  Junk food tends to just lie there in your stomach because we aren’t genetically programmed to easily digest this kind of food. Whereas vegetables help to cleanse the gut and the whole digestive system. 
  • If you care for you kidney and heart, drink a lot of water during the day and less water during the night. You should also make sure to empty you bladder before going to bed.  Drinking water too close to bedtime can interrupt your sleep cycle and negatively impact the heart health. Withholding urine during sleep can cause the bladder to double its size and can eventually lead to a loose bladder, which causes involuntary urine release on the long run. Nevertheless, you must drink enough water throughout the day to avoid dehydration.

Hopefully this article is useful to each and every one of you!


Links of research sources:

www.sharecare.com (How does junk food affect the digestives system)

www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au (The Liver)

www.thedailystar.net.cdn.ampproject.org (How the cold affects the stomach)

www.health.harvard.edu (How the urinary system works)

www.ba-bamail.com (The benefits of acupressure)

Chocolate Chip Cookies

Recipe by Alicia Martínez (German and English Teacher at AIT Language School)

Hoy os traemos una receta fácil y rápida para hacer galletas de chocolate caseras. ¡Riquísimas!


  • 1/2 cup butter
  • 1/2 cup shortening (might prove problematic in Barcelona, but I have successfully found other forms of hardened vegetable oil that have done the trick; when in doubt, just use more butter)
  • 1.5 cups packed whole brown sugar
  • 2 eggs 2 tsp vanilla extract
  • 2 cups flour (if not feeling adventurous, use a mix of white and whole wheat)
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 2 cups chocolate chips.


In a large bowl put cream together with butter and shortening. Gradually add sugars, Creaming thoroughly. Beat in eggs and vanilla. In separate bowl combine flour, baking soda and salt; blend into creamed mixture.

Stir in chips. (at this point, chill dough for a few minutes to firm it up; cookies will retain their shape better). Drop butter by spoonfuls onto lightly greased baking sheets.

Flatten slightly. Bake in 190°C oven for 8 to 9 minutes until golden brown but still slightly underbaked. Remove from oven and let stand on sheets for 5 minutes (they’ll continue to cook a bit), then remove to racks to cool completely.

It’s the time in oven you have to watch like a hawk because there does come a moment where all that sugar and butter crystallize.

Cómo aprobar el First Certificate – Reading and Use of English Part 6

En el artículo que nos ocupa os explicaremos cómo aprobar el examen del First Certificate centrándonos en la parte 6, Reading and Use of Engligh.

Datos útiles sobre esta parte del examen

  • La parte 6 del examen First Certificate—Reading and Use of English consiste en un texto con espacios (gapped text) en inglés extraído de una novela o un artículo.
  • Habrá seis espacios en el texto de los que se han extraído seis frases completas.
  • Debajo del texto se encuentran siete frases sueltas (A, B, C, D, E, F y G), y seis de ellas son las frases extraídas. Hay que colocar cada frase en su debido lugar en el texto.
  • Esta parte del examen pone a prueba tu capacidad de entender: (1) la estructura del idioma escrito y (2) el papel que desempeña la coherencia y la cohesión.
  • Cada respuesta vale dos puntos, con una máxima puntuación para esta parte del examen de 12 puntos.

Consejos útiles para aprobar el examen First Certificate Parte 6

Recuerda que First Certificate—Reading and Use of English está dividido en siete partes y solo tendrás 75 minutos para terminarlo. Por lo tanto, deberás pensar en dedicar entre 10 a 12 minutos para esta parte. No es mucho tiempo. ¿Cómo lograrlo?

  1. Lee el texto por encima para tener una idea del tema. No dediques más de dos minutos en esta lectura. No es necesario entender cada palabra. Si te ayuda, anota al lado de cada párrafo un resumen breve de cada párrafo. La primera frase de cada párrafo te ayudará.
  2. Cuando llegues a un espacio, lee lo que viene antes y después del espacio, y busca pistas. Intenta averiguar qué clase de información viene en el espacio. ¿Se trata de un ejemplo, una confirmación de algo que se ha dicho, un contraste o un simple comentario “entre comillas”?
  3. Ahora, lee las siete frases sueltas. Subraya aquellas palabras y expresiones que ofrecen pistas. ¿Hay pronombres como he, she, they, it, this, these que pueden aludir a cosas o personas concretas en el texto? Subráyalas. Por ejemplo, si una de las frases dice: “And it is evident that this boy was not prepared for the challenge”, subraya “this boy” y “the challenge”. Ahora, pregúntate: ¿A qué se refiere? Analiza las frases antes o después de cada espacio en el texto, y busca dónde se habla de ese niño y de ese desafío.
  4. Si crees que en un espacio pueden encajar dos posibles frases, anótalas al lado del espacio, y prosigue con el siguiente espacio. Sigue intentando encajar las frases en los espacios usando las pistas que has subrayado.
  5. No olvides que una de las siete frases no encajará en ningún espacio.


Controla el tiempo. Solo tendrás entre 10 y 12 minutos para completar esta parte del examen. Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte del examen.

Eierlikör (Ponche de huevo)

Hoy inauguramos una nueva sección en nuestro blog sobre noticias en otros idiomas. Para empezar, os traemos una receta de ponche de huevo en alemán, con la traducción al español debajo por si quieres comprobarla.

By Alicia Martínez (English and German Teacher at AIT)

Besonders zu Ostern und Weihnachten ist der cremige Klassiker beliebt, aber auch an allen anderen Tagen des Jahres schmeckt ein Gläschen Eierlikör ganz köstlich – besonders aus eigener Herstellung. In kleine Fläschchen abgefüllt und hübsch verpackt ist er zudem ein tolles Mitbringsel.

Eierlikör selbst gemacht – so geht’s.

Eierlikör selbst gemacht – Zutaten für ca. 1 Liter:

8 frische Eigelb (Gr. M)

1 Päckchen Bourbon-Vanillezucker

250 g Puderzucker

1 Dose (340 ml) Kondensmilch (7,5 % Fett)

1/4 l weißer Rum


Eierlikör selbst gemacht – so geht’s Schritt für Schritt:

  1. Für den Eierlikör die Eigelbe und den Vanillezuckerin einer Metallschüssel verrühren.
  2. Nach und nach Puderzucker, Kondensmilch und Rum unterrühren.
  3. Die Eierlikör-Masse mit den Schneebesen des Rührgerätes über dem heißen Wasserbad 6 Minuten dickcremig aufschlagen.
  4. Den Eierlikör mit Hilfe eines Trichters in weite Flaschen füllen.

Haltbarkeit: Selbst gemachter Eierlikör hält sich gut verschlossen im Kühlschrank etwa 4 Wochen.

El Ponche de huevo es un clásico cremoso muy popular sobre todo en Alemania. Esta bebida alcohólica se toma especialmente en Semana Santa y en Navidades. Pero en todos los demás días del año, una copa de ponche de huevo sabe muy deliciosa, especialmente de nuestra propia producción.

En botellas pequeñas embotelladas y bien embaladas, también es un gran recuerdo.

Ponche de huevo hecho por ti mismo – así es como funciona.

Para 1 litro necesitamos los siguientes ingredientes:

8 yemas de huevos frescos (tamaño M)

1 paquete de azúcar avainillado

250 g azúcar glass

1 lata (340 ml) leche condensada (7,5 % Fett)

1/4 l ron blanco

Elaboración paso a paso:

  1. Mezclar las yemas con el azúcar vainillado en un bol metálico
  2. Añadir poco a poco el azúcar glass, la leche condensada y el ron.
  3. Mezclar la masa al baño maría durante 6 minutos hasta que se espese con ayuda de la batidora eléctrica.
  4. Luego se vierte con ayuda de un embudo en botellas anchas.

Esta bebida elaborada en casa puede aguantar unas 4 semanas, siempre y cuando este bien cerrado el envase.

Being British!

Hay cosas que seguro no sabes sobre la gente británica. Por eso, en este artículo te dejamos alguna información interesante.

Many language students tend to focus strictly on learning grammar, vocabulary and English slang and expressions. But it is as important to learn about the English culture and social norms. We hope with these points you become more familiar with the British customs and unwritten rules. Let’s go!

British culture has its roots in the United Kingdom‘s rich history, the people and the four countries — England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland — that it’s made up of each with their own unique traditions and customs.

British culture and social norms are very unique. One of the most important things to know before going to any country is what their cultural and social norms are. As an international student from another country, you may be clueless. This article introduces you to everything you need to know about the British culture.

Thing you need to know about the British people

The British are punctual. Being late is odd and, in some cases, considered to be rude. If you’re going to be late to something, contact those involved as soon as you know you will be late. Also, it is less rude to be late to a dinner party at someone’s home than it is to be late to a public meeting (such as dinner at a restaurant).

Never jump lines, known as “queues” in UK. In some countries jumping the queue may be acceptable, but

 in UK, people may not be very happy with you and will definitely let you know how unhappy they are about the situation. Standing patiently in the queue is a normal part of British culture.

In the UK, it’s acceptable to keep one arm’s length between yourself and those you are speaking with. Any closer is assumed to be aggressive and can be uncomfortable for those native to UK.

Please, thank you, and sorry are normal parts of everyday conversations and interactions. Some people are simply baffled by how polite British people are. As an international student, you may not be used to this, but you will probably get used to it quickly after your arrival!

When greeting a good friend or family member in UK, you do not simply shake their hand. Many times, especially if one of the people that are greeting or being greeted is female, you will frequently give and/or receive a small kiss on the cheek. If you are not a close friend or family member, then the physical touch is perceived as odd or uncomfortable (you may shake hands, but often a smile and a bow of the head is acceptable enough).

The British have a high amount of respect for older adults and the disabled. If you are on public transportation, you are expected to give up your seat if someone who is disabled or older comes onto the tram (or whatever vehicle you are in) and there is no other seat. If an older adult or someone who is disabled seems to be struggling with something, you are also expected to ask the person if they need your assistance.


British people rarely use superlatives and are not very animated when they speak. They value privacy over everything else, so be careful what you ask because you could be prying without meaning to.

British people often avoid extended eye contact. They find it uncomfortable and intimidating.

If you are invited to the home of a native British person, it is normal to bring along a gift, such as chocolate, wine, or flowers to say thank you.

If you go to a pub with your friends, it is common practice to buy a round of drinks for those who you came with.

The person who has invited you to dinner is typically the one who pays. Do not argue about whose responsibility it is, rather, invite them out to dinner at some point and pay for them to reciprocate.

These little cultural differences will be a regular part of adapting to life in UK, and so it’s important to learn them before you even arrive. You want to make sure that you don’t offend anyone as you’re getting used to life in UK.

If you don’t do these things naturally, the British will definitely know that you’re from out of town. This knowledge will help you get better adjusted to British norms before you start enjoying the rest of student life while attending university in UK.


Source: https://www.studying-in-uk.org/british-culture-and-social-norms/

St. Patrick’s Day Recipes

En el artículo de esta semana os dejamos algunas recetas interesantes típicas de St. Patrick’s Day

St. Patrick’s Day is always on 17th March.

St. Patrick was patron saint and national apostle of Ireland who is credited with successfully bringing Christianity to Ireland.

March 17th is widely accepted as the date of St. Patrick’s death in A.D.461.

St. Patrick was born in Britain as Maewyn Succat. At age 16, he was kidnapped from his home on the west coast and carried off to Ireland to become a slave who worked as a shepherd. After six years, he escaped; upon returning home, he received his call in a dream to preach the Gospel. When he became a priest, his name was change to Patricius, and eventually, Patrick. He spread Christianity throughout the land.

The first St. Patrick’s Day parade in America was held in New York city in 1762.

 The Shamrock

We wear a shamrock on St. Patrick’s Day because, legend says, St. Patrick used its three leaves to explain the Holy Trinity.

 There are a few dishes that are traditional on this day.

Here you can find some of them. Enjoy!

St. Patrick’s Day dinner recipes

Corned Beef and Cabbage


  • 4 pounds corned beef
  • Cold water
  • 1 spring thyme, several springs parsley bound together
  • 1 onion stuck with 6 cloves
  • Pepper
  • 2 onions
  • 1 whole carrot
  • 1 2 pound cabbage


Tie the beef neatly, put it into a large pot and cover it with cold water. No salt is needed. Add the other ingredients except the cabbage and bring very slowly to a boil with the lid off the pot so that you can see what is happening. Simmer very gently for 3 hours skimming as necessary. Remove the thyme, parsley, and cloved onion. Now add the cabbage which has been cut in 8 pieces and simmer for a further 15 minutes. Remove the meat and cut the string. Place on a hot platter and surroung with the drained cabbage. Dot with butter and sprinkle with finley cut parsley. Serve with horseradish or mustard sauce.

Luck of the Irish Peppermint Brownies


  • 4 squares unsweetened chocolate
  • 1/2 cup butter
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 4 eggs, beaten
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1 cup sifted flour


Preheat oven to 325ºF. Grease a 9×9 inch baking dish.

In a double boiler over not-quite-simmering water, melt chocolate and butter and stir until smooth. Cool slightly. Stir in sugar. add eggs, one at a time, beating thoroughly. Stir in vanilla, then add flour. Spread in prepared pan and bake for 40 minutes. Cool in the pan.




  • 1 container (16 ounces) cream cheese frosting
  • 1/2 teaspoon peppermint extract, or more to taste
  • 3 to 4 drops green food coloring
  • 5 ounces semisweet chocolate
  • 1/2 cup heavy cream or milk


Put cream cheese frosting into a bowl and add peppermint extract and food coloring. Spread evenly over cooled brownies.

In a pan over low heat, melt chocolate with heavy cream. Let cool slightly and drizzle or spread evenly over the frosting.

Let chocolate set up, at room temperature, and then cut brownies into squares.

Nuevo servicio: Auxiliar de Conversación

El pasado viernes 1 de marzo dos de nuestros profesores empezaron su actividad como Auxiliares de Conversación en inglés en el CEIP Els Cingles (L’Ametlla del Vallès).

Por primera vez, en AIT Language School ofrecemos a los centros docentes la posibilidad de contar con un Auxiliar de Conversación en el aula.

¿Qué es un auxiliar de conversación?

Els cinglesUn Auxiliar de Conversación es una persona procedente de otro país cuya tarea principal es la de hablar en su lengua materna a los alumnos de una escuela para que éstos la practiquen. Mediante sesiones específicas de conversación en grupos reducidos, los alumnos desarrollan sus habilidades comunicativas, especialmente a nivel oral, y entran en contacto con una cultura distinta.

Por otro lado, un Auxiliar ayuda a los maestros y profesores en la planificación de las clases y les asiste en el aula como apoyo lingüístico.

Con todo, el objetivo principal de esta iniciativa es el de fomentar la motivación y el interés del alumnado por la lengua y la cultura de otro país.

Si quieres más información, contacta con nosotros: info@aprendeinglestoday.com

CEIP Els Cingles

Ponte en contacto con nosotros